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Protection Levels

Standards for ballistic resistant protective materials


Class
(EN.1063)
Type of Weapon Caliber Bullet Test condition
Type
Mass
(g)
Test range
(m)
Bullet velocity
(m/s)
FB1 rifle 22 LR L/RN 2,6 +/- 0,1 10 +/- 0,5 360 +/- 10
FB2 hand gun 9 mm Luger (1) FJ/RN/SC 8,0 +/- 0,1 5 +/-0,5 400 +/- 10
FB3 hand gun 357 Mag. (1) FJ/CB/SC 10,2 +/- 0,1 5 +/-0,5 430 +/- 10
FB4 hand gun

hand gun
(see note)

357 Mag.

44 Rem. Mag.

(1) FJ/CB/SC

(2) FJ/FN/SC

10,2 +/- 0,1

15,6 +/- 0,1

5 +/- 0,5

5 +/- 0,5

430 +/- 10

440 +/-10

FB5 rifle 5,56 x 45* (2) FJ PB/SCP1 4,0 +/- 0,1 10 +/-0,5 950 +/- 10
FB6 rifle

rifle
(see note)

5,56 x 45*

7,62 x 51

(2) FJ PB/SCP1

(1) FJ/PB/SC

4,0 +/- 0,1

9,5 +/- 0,1

10 +/-0,5

10 +/- 0,5

950 +/- 10

830 +/- 10

FB7 rifle 7,62 x 51** (2) FJ/PB/HC1 9,8 +/- 0,1 10 +/- 0,5 820 +/- 10
L
CB
FJ
FN
HC1

PB
RN
SC
SCP1

*

**

lead
coned bullet
full metal jacket bullet
flat nose bullet
steel hard core, mass (3,7 +/-0,1 g)
hardness more than 63 HRC
pointed bullet
round nose bullet
soft core (lead)
soft core (lead) with steel penetrator (type SS109)

To achieve the stated values for [5,56 x 45], the recommended barrel twist lenght = (178 +/- 10 mm)
To achieve the stated values for Class FB7, the recommended barrel twist length = (254 +/- 10 mm)

(1) FJ = full steel jacket (plated)
(2) FJ = full copper alloy jacket
   

 

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Class
(N.I.J. 0108.01)
Type of Weapon Caliber Bullet Test condition
Type
Mass
(grains / g)
Test range
(m)
Bullet velocity
(m/s)
I hand gun 22 LR

.38 SP
RN/L

RN/L

40 

158 

2,6

10,2

5 320 +/-12

259 +/-15 
IIA hand gun 9 mm Luger

.357 Mag.

FMJ

JSP

124

158

8,0

10.2

5

332 +/-12

381 +/-15

II hand gun 9 mm Lugar

.357 Mag.

FMJ

JSP

124

158

8,0

10.2

385 +/-12

425 +/-15

IIIA hand gun 9 mm

.44 Mag

FMJ

Lead SWC gas

124

240
8,0

15,5

426 +/-15
III rifle 7,62 
308 Winchester
7,62 x 51 7,62 

.308 FMJ

150

9,7 15 838 +/-15
IV rifle M14

7,62 x 63

30.06 AP

166

10,8

15

868 +/-15

             
AP
L
CB
FMJ
FN
HC1

PB
RN
SC
SCP1
SWC
JSP

Armour Piercing
lead
coned bullet
full metal jacket bullet
flat nose bullet
steel hard core, mass (3,7 +/-0,1 g)
hardness more than 63 HRC
pointed bullet
round nose bullet
soft core (lead)
soft core (lead) with steel penetrator (type SS109)
semi wadcutter
Jacket Soft Point

 
Multi hit requirement Stopped penetrations: Level I up to III 5 hits to be stopped per specimen, level IV 1 hit per specimen

 

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Class
(UL. std. 752)
Type of Weapon Caliber Bullet Test condition
Type
Mass
(grains / g)
Test range
(m)
Bullet velocity
(m/s)
I hand gun 9 x 19 FMJ / LC 124 8.0 4,6 358
2 hand gun

.357 Mag.

JLSP 158 10.2 4,6 385
3 hand gun .44 Magnum SWC 240 15.6 4,6 411
4 30.06 rifle 30.06 LCSP 180 11.7 4,6 774
5 rifle 7,62 or .308  7,62 x 51 LC/FMCJ

150

9,7 4,6 838
6  automatic
uzi 9mm

9 x 19

LC/FMCJ 124 8.0

4,6

427

7 rifle 5,56 5,56 x 45 LC/FMCJ(.223 Cal.) 55 3.56 4,6 939
8 rifle 7,62 M14 7,62 x 51 LC/FMCJ militairy
Ball (.308 Cal.)
150 9.7 4,6 838
Suppl. Shotgun 12 gauge rifle

12 gauge

Lead Slug

Lead Buckshot
 (12 pellets)

1 oz.

1.5 oz.

28.3

42

4,6 483

366

AP
L
FMJ
FMCJ
JLSP
LCSP

SWC

Armour Piercing
lead
full metal jacket bullet
full metal copper jacket
Jacket Lead Soft Point
Lead Core Soft Point

semi wadcutter

 
multi hit requirement Stopped penetrations: Level I up to 3 --> 3 hits to be stopped per specimen, 
level 4 & 5 --> 1 hit per specimin,
level 6 up to 8 -->5 hits per specimen
Supplementary --> 3 hits per specimen

 

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Class
(DIN 52290)
Type of Weapon Caliber Bullet Test condition
Type
Mass
(grains / g)
Test range
(m)
Bullet velocity
(m/s)
M1 / CI SIG 9 x 19mm VMR/wk   8,00 3 355-365
M2 / C2  S&W

.357 Mag.

VMKS/wk   10,25 3

415-425

M3 / C3 Colt

.44 Mag.

VMF/wk  

15,55

3 435-445
M4 / C4 NATO riffle 7,62 x 51

5.56 x 45 

VMS/wk

  9,45

3,56

10  785-795

965-975

M5 / C5 NATO riffle 7,62 x 51 VMS/hk

 

9,75 25 800-810
             
VMR/wk
VMF/wk
VMKS/wk
VMS/wk
VMS/hk

full jacket, round nose, soft point
full jacket, flat nose, soft point
full jacket, conned nose, soft point
full jacket, point nose, soft point
full jacket, point nos, hard point

 
Multi hit requirement 3 stopped penetrations, spacing 125 mm

 

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Class
(BS 5051 - 1988)
Type of Weapon Caliber Bullet Test condition
Type
Mass
(grains / g)
Test range
(m)
Bullet velocity
(m/s)
G0 handgun 9 mm metal case bullet ... 7.4 3 390 (+30/-0)
G1 handgun

.357 Mag.

SP/SJ/FN 158 10.2 3 435 (+30/-0)
G2 handgun .44 Magnum SP/SJ/FN 240 15.6 3 456 (+30/-0)
R1 Rifle (1-7 twist) 5,56 x 45 M193/SS109

...

3.6 10 (*5) 919 (+30/-0)
R2 Rifle

 7,62 x 51

NATO standard 7,62 ball  ... 9.5

10

815 (+30/-0)

S1 12 Bore Shotgun 12 Bore Solid lead slug (1oz)   28,35 10 406 (+40/-0)
               
AP
L
FJ
FMJ
FN
PB
SC
SJ
SP

Armour Piercing
lead
Full jacket
full metal jacket bullet
flat nose
Pointed bullet
Soft Core
Semi Jacket
Soft Point

 
multi hit requirement 3 stopped penetrations, spacing 100 mm. S1 1 stopped penetration, centre of impact near centre of sample

 

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STANAG 4569
Level
KE (kinetic energy) Threat bullet Artillery Threat (FSP 20mm)
I Riffle 7.62x51 NATO Ball (Ball M80)
Distance 30m
Velocity 833 m /s
Angle azimuth 360 degrees
Elevation 0 - 30 degrees
-------------------------------
5.56 x 45 NATO SS109 & M193
Distance 30m
Velocity 900 m/s (SS109) - 937 m/s (M193)
Angle azimuth 360 degrees
Elevation 0 - 30 degrees
20 MM FSP
Velocity 520 m/s
tolerance +/- 20m/s
Angle Azimuth 0 - 360 degrees,
 Elev. 0 - 18 degrees
simulated range or burst 150 m
II Infantry Riffle 7.62 x 39 API BZ
Distance 30m
Velocity 695 m/s
Angle azimuth 360 degrees
Elevation 0 - 30 degrees
20 MM FSP
Velocity 630 m/s
tolerance +/- 20m/s
Angle Azimuth 0 - 360 degrees,
 Elev. 0 - 22 degrees
simulated range or burst 120 m
III





III +
Sniper Riffle





Medium Machine Gun
7.62 x 51 AP (WC core)
7.62 x 54R B32 API (Dragunov)
Distance 30m
Velocity 930 m/s (7.62x51 AP WC)
Velocity 854 m/s ( 7.62x54R B32 API)
Angle azimuth 360 degrees
Elevation 0 - 30 degrees
-----------------------------------
12.7 x 99 M2 AP
Speed 914 m/s
Distance 30m
20 MM FSP
Velocity 770 m/s
tolerance +/- 20m/s
Angle Azimuth 0 - 360 degrees,
 Elev. 0 - 30 degrees
simulated range or burst 90 m
IV Heavy Machine Gun 14.5x114AP / B32
Distance 200m
Velocity 911 m/s
Angle azimuth 360 degrees
Elevation 0 degrees
20 MM FSP
Velocity 960 m/s
tolerance +/- 20 m/s
Angle Azimuth 0 - 360 degrees,
 Elev. 0 - 90 degrees
simulated range or burst 25 m
V Automatic Cannon 25mm APDS-TM-791 or TLB 073
Distance 500m
Velocity 1258 m/s
Angle azimuth -frontal arc to
centreline +/- 30 degrees
Elevation 0 degrees
20 MM FSP
Velocity 960 m/s
Angle Azimuth 0- 360 degrees,
 Elev. 0 - 90 degrees
simulated range or burst 10 m